Consumption Data At-A-Glance:

Prior to June 2006 Serbia and Montenegro reported essential medicines consumption data together. On 3 June 2006, Montenegro became recognized by the World Health Organization as an independent country. For historical data on essential medicines consumpt​ion, combined with Montenegro, please see the Country Profile of Serbia and Montenegro (Historical).

The graphs below provide the Essential Controlled Medicines consumption data trends from 2001 to 2020 in milligrams per capita and Morphine Equivalence (ME) milligrams per capita, as reported to the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB). 

To view, scroll below for individual Essential Controlled Medicines (i.e., Codeine, Fentanyl, Hydromorphone, Methadone, Morphine, Oxycodone, Pethidine, all Essential Controlled Medicines in Morphine Equivalence (ME) & all Essential Controlled Medicines in (ME) minus Methadone.)


Improving the availability and accessibility of opioids for the treatment of pain: The International Pain Policy Fellowship 


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