Consumption Data At-A-Glance:

The graphs below provide the Essential Controlled Medicines consumption data trends from 1985 to 2020 in milligrams per capita and Morphine Equivalence (ME) milligrams per capita, as reported to the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB). 

To view, scroll below for individual Essential Controlled Medicines (i.e., Codeine, Fentanyl, Hydromorphone, Methadone, Morphine, Oxycodone, Pethidine, all Essential Controlled Medicines in Morphine Equivalence (ME) & all Essential Controlled Medicines in (ME) minus Methadone.)


Improving Availability of and Access to Opioids in Columbia: Description and Preliminary Results of an Action Plan for the Country

By: Natalia Agudelo, Laura Guerra, and Karen Ryan

The World Health Organization (WHO) and other organizations have designated morphine and codeine as essential analgesics for the treatment of pain;...

Improving availability of opioid pain medications: Testing the principle of balance in Latin America


Improving the availability and accessibility of opioids for the treatment of pain: The International Pain Policy Fellowship


Integrating palliative care in public health: The Colombian experience following an International Pain Policy Fellowship


Pain Relievers


Explore WHO Regional Data

WHO Regions

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Global Data

Walther Global Palliative Care & Supportive Oncology

IU School of Medicine & IU Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center

540 Barnhill Drive
Indianapolis, IN 46202
Phone: +1-(317) 278-4006